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Archive for the ‘Political Economy’ Category

RE-VOLITION FOR REVOLUTION

In History, Philippine Issues, Political Economy, Political Theory, Politics, Youth on November 18, 2010 at 1:41 am

An Analysis of Philippine Socio-Political Realities and Opportunities Towards Mobilization for Radicalization of Democracy

Hansley A. Juliano

(Note: Originally a final requirement for the course “PoS 160: Current Issues and Problems in Philippine Government and Politics” under Ms. Joy G. Aceron, this is an expanded form of the writeup with initial ideas for tactics on mobilization and the social considerations attached therein. The themes will be revisited once further research has been conducted.)

Among the literature that has attempted to analyze and understand the development of the Philippine nation, its society and its component people, it is supposedly only Jose Maria Sison who was able to present a comprehensive framework for political change in the country via his seminal Philippine Society and Revolution (published under the pseudonym of” Amado Guerrero” in 1970). Characterizing the Philippine socio-political landscape as “a semi-colonial and semi-feudal society” via its collective colonial heritage of Spanish frontier-building among the vast East Indies and the United States’ avowed deceptive program of “Benevolent Assimilation,” the publication therefore pronounces that political change can only come through a “a national-democratic revolution, a revolution seeking the liberation of the Filipino people from foreign and feudal oppression and exploitation.” (Guerrero 1970, 77). Read the rest of this entry »

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Under Debt, Underdevelopment

In Political Economy, Politics on June 26, 2009 at 9:58 pm

by Rosselle Tugade

Yesterday, a very alarming information tidbit was passively delivered as good news in one of the state-owned television networks: the Philippine government has yet again secured a staggering loan from the World Bank amounting to more or less $70 M as part of a fifteen-year “adaptable programme loan” primarily aimed at improving irrigation systems, which in turn is geared towards agricultural productivity and food security.

This new dubious transaction entered upon by the Arroyo administration touches upon several salient problems that constitute the flaws of the country’s economic policy framework. Ultimately, this move is a reminder that we are deeply mired in the poisonous wells of the neoliberal regime, and our top officials are all too happy to let the country sit in that position of utter stagnation.

Read the rest of this entry »

WALANG KUMPARE (Part 1)

In Culture, Economics, History, Philippine Issues, Political Economy, Political Theory, Politics on June 24, 2009 at 12:17 pm

An Analysis of Local Government Units’ Role in the Current Politico-Economic Crisis and How To Mobilize Against an Arroyo-sponsored Con-Ass

(First of a series)

by Hansley A. Juliano

Leon Trotsky once mentioned how, despite the growing apathy of many people towards political processes, the complexities of political participation loom above everyone and are desirous of including them in it. In a liberal-democratic situation such as which the Philippines possesses, there is this desire to stay away from being involved in governmental undertakings in the desire to undermine the intrusion to their private and personal prospects, unknowingly alienating themselves to the ideal of communal activity and, in a way, an affirmation of themselves. It is no surprise, therefore, that repressive regimes have done well in preserving this order of assemblages in order to perpetuate themselves into power and, therefore, maintain their definite advantage over the majority of the population of the country, recalling to mind the Thrasymachean doctrine of justice being the advantage of the stronger. Read the rest of this entry »

A CHAIN OF WEBS

In Economics, Political Economy on May 30, 2009 at 11:41 pm

An Analysis of the Likely Results of the Interplay of Causes and Effects of the Imminent Global Economic Crisis
by Hansley A. Juliano

The present year of 2009 opened with a plethora of various problems, challenges and apprehensions spanning not just developing and troubled nations but even most of the well-developed capitalist economies of the world. It is no surprise, then, that most societies have, with increasing apprehension and paranoia, dubbed this predicament a “global economic crisis.” It is not without reason that, similar to the proverbial “Tragedy of the Commons,” many nations have started tracing and reviewing their books and logs so as to see where precisely their actions for development have gone wrong, leading them to a probable adverse situation when the crisis strikes at full strength. That many analysts, intellectuals and government officials, more so, have pledged to study things further and find plausible solutions did not dampen people’s fear of being hit hard and experience stunted economic growth and mobility, both personal and communal.

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Permanence in the Periphery

In Political Economy on May 3, 2009 at 2:57 am

by Rosselle Tugade

The overseas labor sector has probably absorbed the biggest shocks brought about by the global financial crisis within the context of the Philippine economic system. The Department of Labor and Employment has reported that about 121,000 Overseas Filipino Workers have been laid off or given wage cuts. Various commentators and scholars have warned against the instability of labor export as a source of national profit time and time again. However, the State–in its sheer incapacity and incompetence to generate domestic employment and a strong local industrial sector–has tolerated and even glorified the fundamentally flawed policy of labor exportation. Thus far, the Philippines remains languishing into the lower rungs of poverty and underdevelopment and has significantly lagged behind its ASEAN neighbors.

The origin of the labor export policy is problematic in itself. Back in the 70s when land reform and the country’s manufacturing export industry showed the signs of weakness and instability, the Marcos regime propped up the exportation of labor as a temporary solution to the country’s slow economic development–that is, as a viable source of instant employment without concern of developing an equitable national economic policy framework. Fast forward four decades and four administrations later, the country has become too dependent on remittances generated by Overseas Filipino Workers to inject money into the country’s financial bloodstream. Worse, labor exportation has become a permanent and basic economic policy of every administration in lieu of developing a strong industrial sector and substantial agricultural development. Aside from its dire economic consequences of rendering the Philippines incompetent and a failure as a developmental state, labor exploitation has been the cause of several social problems, specifically creating fissures within OFW families. Not to mention, countless workers have been subjected to exploitation, abuse, and even death in foreign countries.

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